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Common Modelling Abbreviations and Terminology Used in This Forum

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  • Member since
    August, 2005
  • From: Sydney, Australia
Common Modelling Abbreviations and Terminology Used in This Forum
Posted by Phil_H on Monday, July 02, 2007 8:35 PM

AA : Accurate Armour (Manufacturer)

AB : AirBrush

Acft : Aircraft

Acrylic/Acryl : In modelling terms, usually used in reference to paints based on acrylic resins and using water and/or alcohol as the primary reducer (thinner) as opposed to "enamels" which use an oil-based reducer.

(I say "In modelling terms" above because in the "real world" there exist such things as acrylic enamels and acrylic lacquers, which are not to be confused with the above.)  

AM : Accurate Miniatures (Manufacturer) 

AM : After Market

AMPS : Armor Modelling and Preservation Society

AMS : Advanced Modeller's Syndrome

ARC : Aircraft Resource Center (Aircraft Modelling site/forum)

BMF : Bare Metal Foil (Product/Manufacturer)

CA : CyanoAcrylate = Super Glue

CA : Corsair Armada (manufacturer)

Denatured Alcohol : Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol) to which small amounts of other chemicals have been added to render it undrinkable. Sometimes used as thinner and/or a cleaning agent for acrylic model paints. In some regions, this is known as Methylated Spirits (at one time, an amount of Methyl Alcohol was used as an additive to render it undrinkable.)

DML : Dragon Models Ltd - AKA Dragon (Manufacturer)

Drybrushing : A painting technique used to emphasise or highlight moulded detail. The brush should only be carrying a minute amount of paint, hence the term "drybrush".

Quick description: Dip the tip of your brush in the required colour and wipe off almost all of it on a rag or scrap paper until a pass of your brush deposits only the slightest trace of colour. When applied to your model part, it should only deposit a trace of paint on the raised detail of your part, leaving the rest of it in the original colour.

There are many guides and descriptions of this process to be found online

DS: Dragon Styrene - A proprietary blend of styrene/vinyl used by Dragon Models Limited to mould one-piece flexible tracks for armoured vehicles.

Enamel/s : A generic term used to describe model paints which use an oil-based thinner/reducer. (Again, in the "real world" there are such things as water-based enamels eg. some household paints are referred to as such) 

FS : Federal Standard - Frequently used in reference to Federal Standard 595B in regard to standardised US paint colors

Future : A clear acrylic floor coating product manufactured by S.C. Johnson, often used by modellers as a substitute for expensive "hobby brand" clear coats. For more information (and product name variations in different countries), refer to  The Complete Future by Matt Swann. EDIT: As of late 2007, in the US, this product is now known as Pledge (with Future Shine).

GB : Group Build

GMM : Gold Medal Models (manufacturer)

HB : Hobby Boss (Manufacturer)

HF : HobbyFan (Manufacturer)

HLJ : Hobby Link Japan (Online Retailer)

HS : HyperScale (Modelling site/Forum)

Indy/Indies : Individually moulded track links. this includes Dragon's Magic Tracks 

Injection Moulding : A moulding process in which molten plastic is forced into a hollow mould to form a part (or multiple parts).

IP : Instrument Panel

IPA : Isopropyl Alcohol. Often used as thinner for acrylic model paints. Sometimes abbreviated as "ISO" (not to be confused with International standards Organisation

IPMS : International Plastic Modellers Society

ISW : Iron Shipwright (manufacturer)

JR : Jordi Rubio (Manufacturer)

LHS : Local Hobby Shop

Link and Length tracks : Tracks moulded in partiial runs (sections of multiple track links) with a number of individual links provided to go around drive sprockets and idlers.

Magic Tracks :  A proprietary trademark of Dragon Models Limited, used to describe individually moulded track shoes for armoured vehicles.  

MK : Model Kasten (Manufacturer)

ML : Missing Lynx (Armor site/forum)

MM : (Testors) Model Master (Paint)

NMF : Natural Metal Finish, also "No Metal Foil" - Painted metallic finish

NNS : Navy Newsstand or Navy News Service

OD : Olive Drab

Office : Cockpit

OHS : Online Hobby Shop

OOB : Out Of (the) Box

OOP : Out Of Production

OVM : On-Vehicle Material - Tools and equipment seen on vehicles

PacFront : Pacific Front Hobbies (OHS)

Pastels : "Soft" pastels. Artists drawing chalks which come in a mutitude of colours. These are often ground into powder and applied to a model for weathering.  Not to be confused with "oil" pastels which resemble soft crayons. This type cannot be used for this purpose and has limited applications for modelling.

PE : Photo Etch

Pigments : Finely ground coloured powders which can be applied to models for weathering. These can be applied in a multitude of ways, eg. dry, to simulate dust effects, wet to simulate mud/spatters or mixed with other media for heavier mud. 

PMMS : Perth Military Modelling Site (Armor Modelling site)

Postshading : A weathering technique where the main base colour is applied and then a darker color is lightly applied to the areas to be highlighted - eg around panel edges, "shadowed" areas, crevices.

Preshading : A weathering technique where areas to be highlighted (eg. panel lines, edges, crevices) are sprayed with a darker color before the main color is applied. The main color is applied in thin layers, allowing the darker underlying color to show through where the highlighting is required.

RAL : Reichsausschuss für Lieferbedingungen - (Committee of the German Reich for Terms and Conditions of Sale) German standards organisation. Often used in relation to German paint codes

RLM : Reichsluftfahrtministerium - Reich Air Ministry. Often used in relation to Luftwaffe paint codes

RM : Revell-Monogram (Manufacturer)

RoG : Revell of Germany (Manufacturer)

Rubber Band tracks : Sometimes disparaging term used to describe tracks moulded in one continuous loop of flexible material, (usually vinyl). This is also used to describe flexible tracks moulded in a single straight length of which the ends must be joined by heating/melting or by glueing.

SBS : Step by Step.  

Sprue : Sometimes referred to as a "tree" or "rack", this is the framework, predominantly in injection moulded kits, to which a kit's parts are attached. The sprue is the plastic left over from the moulding process from the channels through which the molten plastic flows to the mould cavities to form the actual kit parts.

Sprue Gate : The point where a part is attached to a sprue (also the point from which molten plastic flows from the sprue channel into a mould cavity to form a part).

SMO : Squadron Mail Order (OHS)

Stretched Sprue : Sometimes you need a thin rod of plastic which may be too thin to be provided in the kit as a moulded part. eg. Antennas, wiring, piping, railings. This can often be obtained by "stretching" a piece of sprue over a heat source, eg. a small candle. More information can be found here

SWMBO : She Who Must Be Obeyed (see Rumpole of the Bailey)

TMW : Toms Modelworks (manufacturer)

USNHC : US Navy Historical Center

Vacform/Vacforming : A moulding process where a sheet of plastic is heated until soft and then drawn over a "negative" mould by means of a vacuum (or negative air pressure) from underneath the mould.

Wash : A wash is a weathering technique consisting of an application of a thinned, usually darker color, which when applied, settles into crevices and around moulded details to emphasise depth and/or shadowing around those parts.

There are a number of wash techniques which are commonly used, For example:

  • An Overall wash is, as the description implies, applied to the entire model so that the wash color settles into and around moulded details and flat or open surfaces to which the wash is applied are slightly tinted in the wash color.
  • A Pin (short for pinpoint) wash is where the wash color is applied in small quantities (usually using a fine-point brush) only to those areas which are to be highlighted eg. around bolt heads, hinges etc.
  • A sludge wash is an acrylic/water based wash mix to which a small amount of dishwashing detergent is added (to lessen the adhesive properties of the paint mix) and is applied freely over the details to be highlighted (eg. aircraft panel lines) When dry, the excess is removed with a damp paper towel (or similar) so that only the wash in the recessed areas remains. (Note that when using this method, the surface to which the wash is applied should be gloss finished to prevent the wash mix from leaching into the base paint color)

These are just very brief descriptions of three basic wash methods. To fully explain each of the examples above would take many pages. More information can be found using the forum's search function.

WEM : White Ensign Models (manufacturer)

White Glue : Generic term for PVA woodworking glue

WIP : Work In Progress

Xacto : Brand name of a manufacturer of hobby knives and blades. Though it is a specific brand name, Xacto is often used as a general term for a hobby knife.

Updated: Tue, 27 July 2010

  • Member since
    August, 2005
  • From: Sydney, Australia
Posted by Phil_H on Monday, July 02, 2007 8:38 PM

Ok, it's a start...

I have tried to keep this to modelling related terms rather than "conversational" abbreviations often used in forums (eg. "LOL")

Suggestions and additions are welcome.

  • Member since
    May, 2005
  • From: Left forever
Posted by Bgrigg on Monday, July 02, 2007 9:56 PM

Phil,

This is a great idea! Thanks for getting it started. Hopefully one of the admins will sticky it!

How about adding BMF : Bare Metal Foil 

So long folks!

  • Member since
    June, 2006
  • From: Westerville, Ohio
Posted by Air Master Modeler on Tuesday, July 03, 2007 12:21 AM

Lets also add....

IP: Instrument Panel

Office: The Cockpit

NMF: No Metal Foil  (painted on, no bare metal foil used)

Air Master

Rand

30 years experience building plastic models.

WIP: Revell F-14B Tomcat, backdating to F-14A VF-32 1989 Gulf Of Sidra MiG-23 Killer "Gypsy 207".

  • Member since
    February, 2003
  • From: Panama City, Florida, Hurricane Alley
Posted by berny13 on Monday, July 23, 2007 7:50 PM
CM.  Carpet Monster.  Whistling [:-^] 

Berny

 Phormer Phantom Phixer

On the bench

TF-102A Delta Dagger, 32nd FIS, 54-1370, 1/48 scale. Monogram Pro Modeler with C&H conversion.  

Revell F-4E Phantom II 33rd TFW, 58th TFS, 69-260, 1/32 scale. 

Tamiya F-4D Phantom II, 13th TFS, 66-8711, 1/32 scale.  F-4 Phantom Group Build. 

 

  • Member since
    August, 2005
  • From: Mansfield, TX
Posted by EdGrune on Thursday, August 23, 2007 2:53 PM

add these to the list

USNHC - US Navy Historical Center

NNS - Navy Newsstand or Navy News Service

WEM - White Ensign Models (manufacturer)

ISW - Iron Shipwright (manufacturer)

GMM - Gold Medal Models (manufacturer)

TMW - Toms Modelworks (manufacturer)

CA - Corsair Armada (manufacturer)

PacFront - Pacific Front Hobbies (OHS)

SMO - Squadron Mail Order (OHS)

HLJ - Hobby Link Japan (OHS)

SWMBO - She Who Must Be Obeyed (see Rumpole of the Bailey)

 

  • Member since
    August, 2005
  • From: Sydney, Australia
Posted by Phil_H on Thursday, August 23, 2007 7:33 PM

List updated.

Thanks Ed.

  • Member since
    November, 2006
  • From: Castro Valley.CA
Posted by TheLastPriest on Saturday, October 27, 2007 1:47 PM
 Air Master Modeler wrote:

Lets also add....

IP: Instrument Panel

Office: The Cockpit

NMF: No Metal Foil  (painted on, no bare metal foil used)

Air Master

 

I was under the impression NMF was natural metal finish

It is only the intellect that keeps me sane; perhaps this makes me overvalue intellect against feeling

  • Member since
    September, 2004
  • From: Utereg
Posted by Borg R3-MC0 on Monday, October 29, 2007 9:35 AM
I would like to ad AC for aircraft

  • Member since
    March, 2007
  • From: Carmel, CA
Posted by bondoman on Monday, October 29, 2007 1:49 PM
 TheLastPriest wrote:
 Air Master Modeler wrote:

Lets also add....

IP: Instrument Panel

Office: The Cockpit

NMF: No Metal Foil  (painted on, no bare metal foil used)

Air Master

 

I was under the impression NMF was natural metal finish

That is correct

  • Member since
    November, 2006
  • From: Castro Valley.CA
Posted by TheLastPriest on Monday, October 29, 2007 2:20 PM
Thank you sir, truly a gentleman and a scholar

It is only the intellect that keeps me sane; perhaps this makes me overvalue intellect against feeling

  • Member since
    February, 2003
  • From: Panama City, Florida, Hurricane Alley
Posted by berny13 on Tuesday, October 30, 2007 8:27 AM

 RemcoGrob wrote:
I would like to ad AC for aircraft

The proper abbreviation for Aircraft is Acft.  AC stands for Alternating Current.

Berny

 Phormer Phantom Phixer

On the bench

TF-102A Delta Dagger, 32nd FIS, 54-1370, 1/48 scale. Monogram Pro Modeler with C&H conversion.  

Revell F-4E Phantom II 33rd TFW, 58th TFS, 69-260, 1/32 scale. 

Tamiya F-4D Phantom II, 13th TFS, 66-8711, 1/32 scale.  F-4 Phantom Group Build. 

 

  • Member since
    August, 2005
  • From: Sydney, Australia
Posted by Phil_H on Tuesday, October 30, 2007 9:10 AM
 berny13 wrote:

The proper abbreviation for Aircraft is Acft.  AC stands for Alternating Current.

Noted and updated.

Thanks Berny Smile [:)]

  • Member since
    January, 2003
  • From: Peoples Socialist Democratic Republic of Illinois
Posted by Triarius on Wednesday, October 31, 2007 6:46 PM
How about including (or starting) a list of modeling terms?

Ross Martinek A little strangeness, now and then, is a good thing… Wink

  • Member since
    March, 2007
  • From: Kansas city
Posted by kcmat on Saturday, December 08, 2007 2:15 AM

Indy or Indy links: Individual track links

Not really model specific but threw me a couple times.

IMHO: In My Honost Opinion

HTH: Hope That Helps

http://www.myspace.com/madmat77
  • Member since
    August, 2005
  • From: Sydney, Australia
Posted by Phil_H on Saturday, December 08, 2007 8:04 AM
Added "Indy" but I am trying to restrict this list to modelling related terms, so haven't added "IMHO" or "HTH". Might create a "general" list at some point.
  • Member since
    February, 2003
  • From: Panama City, Florida, Hurricane Alley
Posted by berny13 on Sunday, December 09, 2007 4:21 PM
How about adding Stretched Sprue.

Berny

 Phormer Phantom Phixer

On the bench

TF-102A Delta Dagger, 32nd FIS, 54-1370, 1/48 scale. Monogram Pro Modeler with C&H conversion.  

Revell F-4E Phantom II 33rd TFW, 58th TFS, 69-260, 1/32 scale. 

Tamiya F-4D Phantom II, 13th TFS, 66-8711, 1/32 scale.  F-4 Phantom Group Build. 

 

  • Member since
    February, 2003
  • From: Panama City, Florida, Hurricane Alley
Posted by berny13 on Wednesday, March 25, 2009 4:52 PM
Bump.

Berny

 Phormer Phantom Phixer

On the bench

TF-102A Delta Dagger, 32nd FIS, 54-1370, 1/48 scale. Monogram Pro Modeler with C&H conversion.  

Revell F-4E Phantom II 33rd TFW, 58th TFS, 69-260, 1/32 scale. 

Tamiya F-4D Phantom II, 13th TFS, 66-8711, 1/32 scale.  F-4 Phantom Group Build. 

 

  • Member since
    January, 2007
  • From: Northern California
Posted by trexx on Wednesday, March 25, 2009 5:41 PM

 berny13 wrote:
Bump.

Terrific and helpful since I've swerved back into the hobby recently.

 

Thanks, berny13!

  • Member since
    February, 2003
  • From: Panama City, Florida, Hurricane Alley
Posted by berny13 on Thursday, May 13, 2010 11:07 AM

Bump

Berny

 Phormer Phantom Phixer

On the bench

TF-102A Delta Dagger, 32nd FIS, 54-1370, 1/48 scale. Monogram Pro Modeler with C&H conversion.  

Revell F-4E Phantom II 33rd TFW, 58th TFS, 69-260, 1/32 scale. 

Tamiya F-4D Phantom II, 13th TFS, 66-8711, 1/32 scale.  F-4 Phantom Group Build. 

 

  • Member since
    November, 2009
  • From: Twin Cities of Minnesota
Posted by Don Stauffer on Saturday, July 03, 2010 9:14 AM

I'd like to suggest adding plans and drawings.  Plans are a sequence of actions to build something and may or may not include drawings.  Instructions is a synonym.

Scale drawings are representations of the prototype object, such as three-view drawings.

When someone says they are looking for plans for some project it is often unclear whether they are looking for the instruction sheet that comes with a kit, or for scale drawings to use for detailing a model.

Don Stauffer in Minnesota

  • Member since
    July, 2008
  • From: Florida
Posted by Railfan 233 on Wednesday, July 07, 2010 10:02 PM

I am glad this thred came up. I'm so lost with these abreviated terms, not even a road map would help.

So many terms, too much abreviations for me.

 

  

http://i6.photobucket.com/albums/y211/razordws/GB%20Badges/WMIIIGBsmall.jpgRed, White, and YOU! group build of 2010

  • Member since
    September, 2009
Posted by A/GAS401 on Wednesday, September 08, 2010 8:26 AM

You can't forget,

SNAFU, Situation Normal All..........err...........um...................Never mindDevil.

 

Doc.

RAAMC (Ret)

  • Member since
    October, 2007
  • From: Scotland
Posted by Milairjunkie on Wednesday, September 08, 2010 10:23 AM

What about POS

Thats what my models turn out like when I trick myself into cutting corners!

  • Member since
    June, 2008
  • From: Iowa
Posted by Hans von Hammer on Tuesday, July 17, 2012 2:15 PM

FSM went great lengths to provide a glossary of modeling terminology... Hold your cursor over the "How To" block at the top of the page, and the drop-down menu will appear... Then click on "Glossary".. If you know a modeling-related term that needs to be added, then send it in to FSM..

  • Member since
    June, 2008
  • From: Iowa
Posted by Hans von Hammer on Tuesday, July 17, 2012 2:15 PM

  • Member since
    December, 2012
Posted by RX7850 on Thursday, January 03, 2013 4:47 PM

Very helpful .

Thanks

  • Member since
    August, 2009
Posted by Steve58 on Thursday, January 03, 2013 9:20 PM

What does PITA mean?

G-J
  • Member since
    July, 2012
Posted by G-J on Friday, January 04, 2013 10:55 AM

I'm thinking:  Pain In The ^*$     <----last word is another word for donkey

On the bench:  Tamyia Mosquito Mk. VI for the '44 group build.  Yes, still.

On deck: 

  • Member since
    August, 2013
  • From: Michigan
Posted by Straycat1911 on Sunday, November 02, 2014 9:31 AM
Grokking: where a scale modeler takes a new kit home, removes the wrapping and opens his/her new kit. Next 20 minutes (or more) spent examining the instructions, the various part trees, the box art, and the decals. Optional actions can include retrieving "The Perfect Set of Decals" from the decal stash and/or a dusty accessories set and stuffing them into the kit box for when you (really!) get around to building it.
Final step is to carefully install said kit in proper place in stash and forget about it.
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/grokking

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